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Are Røgler is one of the founders of the Norwegian Orchid Society. He is a specialist in terrestrial orchids, with special knowledge in how to cultivate them and their natural habitats! 
Calypsobulbosa.jpg (100345 bytes) This small, but magnificent orchid, named "The Norn" by the Swedes, blooms in early June. It is not yet found in Norway, but it has been found in Sweden close to the Norwegian border by the Trøndlag district.
This Calypso is photographed near Sorsele in Västerbotten county in Sweden.
CalypsoTim.jpg (74769 bytes) Calypso bulbosa var. speciosa grows in Japan. It is a bit less colourful than the Scandinavian variety. As opposed to the Eurasian Calypso, the Japanese one is cultivable, preferably potted; both because of snail protection and a possible need to to move the plant during the summer. The culture medium should be a mixture of fine sand, partly molded bark and perlite. Put some "stone moss" that will grow there. The tuber is placed between this moss and the compost. The pot must be placed on a bowl or saucer filled with alkali water. Calypso must never be exposed to direct sunlight, but has to stand in a shady and cool place. The reward for these efforts is some unbelievably beautiful little "Fairy Slippers". 
pleionescopulorum.jpg (35116 bytes) Pleione scopulorum is is a small species from China very similar to a Bletilla. 
It differs from other spring blooming pleiones by having two leaves. The tubers are totally covered with compost containing a high amount of sphagnum moss, because the roots are active around the year and needs to be prevented against drying up. A fully developed Pleione scropulorum will usually bloom with two flowers on each stem.

Cypripedium around the world 

Cyp[1]Tuajenhvit.JPG (90156 bytes) Cypripedium ventricosum alba. This dashing Russian orchid bloomed cheerfully for decades in The Botanic Gardens of Oslo. This plant was a pride and symbol of The Botanic Gardens. Unfortunately it was not sufficiently attended to; so grief-strikingly it "went out".
lichtiangense.jpg (36477 bytes) Cypripedium lichiangense belongs to a small group of orchid species, only growing in China. The exception is the depicted species; which is also found in North-Eastern Burma. These orchids are characterized by having two oblong-round, often brown spotted, lateral leaves, apparently lying on the ground.  C. lichiangense lacks an ordinary flower stem, the single flower is practically coming out of the leaves. C. lichiangense is growing on lime enriched soil among the sub-vegetation in altitudes of 2600 to 3500 meters (8500 to 11500 feet) above sea level. It is found in Yunnan, Sichuan and Burma.
lichtangense2i.jpg (46820 bytes) This is a very special, though beautiful orchid. It can be difficult to grow on free land; therefore pot culture is recommended. The growing medium should contain just a little soil and all the more ground limestone, coarse quartz sand and ground charcoal. The draining must be perfect and it needs shadow, never direct sunshine. Under the leaves something airy is needed, say pine needles or porous ceramic balls, to prevent decomposition and mould attacks. It also needs to be protected from rain. Water by lowering the pot into a water filled vessel to protect the leaves from moisture.
marisko1.jpg (62563 bytes) In Norway the Cypripedium calceolus  is most numerous in the Trøndelag and Nordland counties. This picture is taken in Nordland county, where the orchids are blooming in late June (midsummer).
marisko2.jpg (106974 bytes) In an open rockslide fields  thousands of Cypripedium calceolus are growing among carpets of Dryas octopétala.
palangshanense2.jpg (22194 bytes) This "spider" Cypripedium palangshanense is a little known cypripedium species found only in a limited area of Sechuan in China. It is a genuine miniature orchid with only two rounded leaves on the stem.
phalangshanense1.jpg (28818 bytes) The flower is so small even the foot of Tom thumb would fit in this "slipper"
wardiifront.jpg (27779 bytes) Ward's Cypripedium is named after the famous English plant hunter Kingdon-Ward, who found this tiny miniature species in Tibet (now Xizang) in 1913. It was later also found in Yunnan. It is a rare species, closely related to Cypripedium flavum, with a very limited distribution. Cypripedium wardii has been only in cultures outside China for the last two years. Thus it is too early to determine the success of cultivating this species and also quality of the conditions. My own experiences this far indicates "wandering" shadow, constantly moist and airy (breezy) conditions.
wardiihelfig.jpg (24225 bytes) This should give you a good impression of how small this miniature Cypripedium is. Like a Bonzai tree is a true miniature "copy" of the natural tall trees, this Cypripedium wardii is a true Cypripedium-bonzai!
wardiiprofil.jpg (28704 bytes) This profile shows how hairy the plant is. Besides it can also be seen a rudiment of an extra flower. It is assumed that this species is very rarely able to produce two flowers.
formosanum.jpg (48140 bytes) Cypripedium formosanum is by many considered the most beautiful of all the cypripedia. It is endemic for Taiwan (Formosa) and is closely related to Cypripedium japonicum in Japan and China. Because of the southerly position of Taiwan (24 degrees N) this Cypripedium is growing in high altitudes, up to 3000 meters (9800 feet) above sea level.
malaxis[1].jpg (42196 bytes) Malaxis macrostachya, Mountain Rat-tail Malaxis, which is the common name of this small, insignificant orchid, having its principle distribution in Mexico. In USA is it found from South-Eastern Arizona to South-Western Texas. The small tuber is at rest from November to late July. With the July rainfalls is the malaxis rapidly sprouting and soon showing its microscopically flowers. It grows on stony fields in a compost of conifer needles in the mountains at an altitude of 2000-3000 meters (6500-9800 feet) above sea level. The picture is taken in the Chirichua Mnts. in South-Eastern Arizona.

Some terrestrial orchids from Gotland (Sweden) 

mascula.jpg (62155 bytes) Gotland (Sweden) is widely famous for its abundance of orchids, and especially for the massive spring blooming. The most numerous and by many considered as the most dashing of them is the Orchis mascula with its countless variety of flower colors, from deep mauve to dazzling white.
militaris2.jpg (79343 bytes) Orchis militaris is locally common on Gotland.
OrchiserGotland.jpg (61709 bytes) On a seaside meadow on the South-Eastern Gotland are thousands of Dactylorhiza sambucina growing, both read and yellow, side by side with Orchis mascula and Orchis morio. The photo was taken ultimo May 1999.
pyramidalis1.jpg (54083 bytes) The pyramid orchid,  Anacamptis pyramidalis  is in reality a southernmore species with its northern border in Sweden. The most numerous occurrence is on Gotland. The specimens on Gotland are more intense in the coloring than the paler southernmore specimens. Sometimes white or yellow specimens are found.
spitzelii.jpg (39752 bytes) Orchis spitzelii is a rare orchid  found nowhere in Northern Europe except on Gotland, where it was discovered i 1939. The photo of specimen here is photographed in mid May on the north-eastern coast of Gotland.
ustulata1.jpg (21168 bytes)   

Orchis ustulata is the smallest orchid of Gotland and one of the pearls of its flora.


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