Close-up. Espoo city.Epipactis palustris, suoneidonvaippa 

Epipactis palustris is a rarity of southern Finland. It has grown in total in more than 50 places in Finland, but now it is known to grow only in less than 30 places. I have myself seeked it from two localities where it has now died from. More than half of the findings of this species are from Ahvenanmaa, others from southern and eastern Finland and it is now also found from Tervola in Lapland. It needs lime. It is no wonder that this orchid is rare in Finland; we have very few open, limey marshes which don´t get frosts in spring. It has now found new way for its spreading, and the species is now known from several road-sides in the continent. It has also be found near to some limestone-mines. Occuring in Finland.The plant starts growing late, sometimes as late as in June, and can´t take any frosts. It is also very demanding about light. It does not stand too much shadow, but direct sunshine is also bad for it. Perfect place for this Epipactis would be a small, limey, protected (from both frosts - by surrounding woods etc. - and from trampling people - by protecting the place with law) bog with only few brushes and also lot of water. It needs grazing in order to keep the brushes away from it, but it does not stand being cutted. That is why we can only be sorry that one of the best-known localitites of Seeds coming to specimen in garden-culture.this species in Finland, road-side-place in Espoo, was "cleaned" along with the rest of the road. The plant will propably survive after this awful act, but flowering in the few following years will propably be guite small. Fortunately the road-workers have been now given a lesson not to ignore this species. 

The species is protected in Finland, including Ahvenanmaa. 

It flowers in July. 

The species spreads with its wide rhizome. The stem is guite small, only about 30 cm (12", even up to 70 cm or 28") heigh, but the flowers are large. Leaves are along the stem, and they are plicate. The flowers are on the one-sided loose inflorescense. Flowers are pink with beautyful marks, and there is no doupt that this is one of the most beautyful of all Finnish orchids and plants. 

Wasps take care from the pollinating. There is nectar in the lip, which makes the insects "drunk", and in that condition they try to find more and more flowers. 

 Small Epipactises in Espoo city beside some Dactylorhiza maculatas on a road-side.

(last page) 

 These pages has been made and updated by Matti Niissalo,